Flutter Firebase CRUD Tutorial [2024]

In this tutorial, you will learn how to implement Flutter Firebase CRUD (Create, Read, Update, Delete) operations in a Flutter app using Firebase as the backend. By following this step-by-step guide, you will be able to build a functional app that can store and manage data using Firebase’s real-time database.

Flutter Firebase

What is Firebase?

Firebase is a comprehensive mobile and web application development platform provided by Google. It offers a suite of tools and services that enable developers to build scalable and feature-rich applications quickly. Firebase includes various services like authentication, real-time database, cloud storage, and more.

What is CRUD?

CRUD stands for Create, Read, Update, and Delete. It represents the basic operations performed on data in a database. Create is for adding new data, Read is for retrieving data, Update is for modifying existing data, and Delete is for removing data.

Why use Firebase for CRUD operations in Flutter?

Firebase provides a real-time database that seamlessly synchronizes data across devices, allowing real-time updates without the need for manual refreshing. It simplifies the process of implementing CRUD operations and provides a scalable and reliable backend infrastructure.

Is Firebase free to use?

Firebase offers a free plan with certain usage limits and paid plans with additional features and increased usage capacity. You can choose a plan based on your application’s requirements and scale.

Do I need prior knowledge of Flutter or Firebase to follow this tutorial?

While some familiarity with Flutter and Firebase concepts can be helpful, this tutorial is designed to be beginner-friendly. It provides step-by-step instructions and explanations, making it accessible even to those new to Flutter and Firebase.

Can I use this tutorial for other mobile app development frameworks?

This tutorial specifically focuses on implementing CRUD operations in a Flutter app using Firebase. However, the general principles and concepts can be applied to other frameworks with appropriate adaptations.

How can I test and debug my Flutter Firebase CRUD app?

Flutter provides a robust testing framework, and Firebase offers various testing and debugging tools. You can write unit tests, and integration tests, and use Firebase tools like Firebase Console and Firebase Test Lab to ensure the functionality and performance of your app.

Where can I find additional resources to further enhance my Flutter and Firebase knowledge?

You can refer to the official documentation of Flutter (flutter.dev) and Firebase (firebase.google.com/docs) for comprehensive guides, tutorials, and API references. Additionally, online communities, forums, and developer websites are excellent sources for gaining insights and learning from others’ experiences.

How can I deploy my Flutter Firebase CRUD app to production?

Flutter provides multiple options for deploying your app, such as Google Play Store for Android, App Store for iOS, and web hosting platforms for web-based applications. Firebase also offers hosting services that seamlessly integrate with your Firebase project, simplifying the deployment process.

Flutter Firebase Integration Advantages

Using Firebase in a Flutter project offers several advantages.

Firstly, Firebase provides a real-time database that synchronizes data in real-time across all connected devices, enhancing the user experience. This means that any changes made to the data in the app are immediately reflected on all devices, providing a seamless and responsive user interface. Real-time updates enable collaborative features and ensure that users are always working with the most up-to-date information.

Secondly, Firebase offers scalability and reliability, making it suitable for apps of any scale. Whether you’re building a small prototype or a large-scale production app, Firebase’s infrastructure can handle high user demand and provide a stable backend for storing and managing your app data. You can focus on developing your app’s features and functionality without worrying about the underlying infrastructure.

Thirdly, Firebase simplifies authentication and user management with its built-in authentication services. You can easily implement various authentication methods, such as email/password or social logins, without having to build complex authentication systems from scratch. Firebase takes care of user account management, including password resets and user authentication flows, allowing you to focus on other aspects of your app’s development.

Additionally, Firebase provides cloud storage services for managing user-generated content, such as images, videos, and other files. You can store and retrieve this content efficiently, eliminating the need for additional server infrastructure. Firebase’s serverless architecture frees you from managing servers, enabling you to concentrate on developing the front-end functionality of your Flutter app.

In summary, Firebase offers real-time synchronization, scalability, reliability, simplified authentication and user management, cloud storage, and serverless architecture. Integrating Firebase into your Flutter project empowers you to build feature-rich, scalable, and responsive apps without worrying about backend infrastructure and complex development tasks.

Prerequisites for Flutter Firebase CRUD App:

Before you begin, make sure you have the following:

  1. Flutter SDK installed on your machine
  2. Firebase account and a new project set up

Step 1: Set up Firebase Project

  1. Go to the Firebase Console (console.firebase.google.com) and create a new project.
  2. Enable the Firebase Realtime Database in the project settings.
  3. Obtain the Firebase configuration details, including the project’s API key, database URL, and app ID.

Step 2: Create a Flutter Project

  1. Open a terminal or command prompt and run the following command:
flutter create flutter_firebase_crud
  1. Change to the project directory:
cd flutter_firebase_crud
  1. Open the project in your preferred IDE or code editor.

Step 3: Add Firebase Dependencies

  1. Open the pubspec.yaml file in your Flutter project.
  2. Add the following dependencies under the dependencies section:
firebase_core: ^1.0.0
firebase_database: ^8.0.0
  1. Save the file and run flutter pub get to fetch the dependencies.

Step 4: Configure Firebase in Flutter

  1. Create a new Dart file, firebase_service.dart, in your project’s lib directory.
  2. Import the necessary packages:
import 'package:firebase_core/firebase_core.dart';
import 'package:firebase_database/firebase_database.dart';
  1. Set up Firebase initialization and configuration in the firebase_service.dart file:
class FirebaseService {
  static final FirebaseService _instance = FirebaseService._();

  factory FirebaseService() => _instance;


  Future<void> initialize() async {
    await Firebase.initializeApp();

  DatabaseReference get databaseRef => FirebaseDatabase.instance.reference();
  1. Save the file and initialize Firebase in your main.dart file:
void main() async {

  await FirebaseService().initialize();


Step 5: Implement CRUD Operations

  1. Create a new Dart file, data_service.dart, in your project’s lib directory.
  2. Import the necessary packages:
import 'package:firebase_database/firebase_database.dart';
  1. Create a class named DataService and define the CRUD operations:
class DataService {
  final DatabaseReference _dbRef = FirebaseService().databaseRef.child('items');

  Future<void> createItem(String name, String description) async {
    final newItemRef = _dbRef.push();
    await newItemRef.set({
      'name': name,
      'description': description,

  Future<DataSnapshot> readItems() async {
    return await _dbRef.once();

  Future<void> updateItem(String itemId, String newName, String newDescription) async {
    final itemRef = _dbRef.child(itemId);
    await itemRef.update({
      'name': newName,
      'description': newDescription,

  Future<void> deleteItem(String itemId) async {
    final itemRef = _dbRef.child(itemId);
    await itemRef.remove();

Step 6: Implement UI for CRUD Operations

  1. Open the lib/main.dart file.
  2. Implement the Flutter UI for creating, reading, updating, and deleting items using the DataService class.

Step 7: Test and Run the App

  1. Connect your device or emulator.
  2. Run the app using the flutter run command in the project directory.


Congratulations! You have successfully implemented CRUD operations in a Flutter app using Firebase as the backend. You can now create, read, update, and delete items in the Firebase Realtime Database. This tutorial provides a solid foundation for building more complex Flutter apps with Firebase integration.

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